Gestational diabetes refers to the discovery of high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. The signs of gestational diabetes in pregnancy are fatigue, excessive thirst, frequency and amount of urination. While these are also common symptoms of pregnancy, potential risks are not only to you but your unborn child, so it is very important to have a blood test and monitor your health closely. Those most at risk for developing signs of gestational diabetes in pregnancy are women who are overweight, have poor glucose tolerance, and a family history of diabetes. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans are also at greater risk. The risks to the unborn child include increased likelihood of miscarriage or birth defects in major organs such as the heart and brain. There may be over-nutrition of the fetus, which causes low blood sugar at birth. Properly monitored and treated, however, even a woman with diabetes can give birth to a healthy baby.


Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes in Pregnancy


What are the signs of diabetes in pregnancy? First off, here’s how it is caused. Glucose level variances are common during pregnancy, and natural hormonal changes may cause blood sugar to rise. The placenta, which moves nutrients from mother to fetus, produces hormones to limit the mother’s insulin level so her blood sugar doesn’t drop. Any abnormal rise is controlled by the production of insulin, which moves glucose into the cells to create energy. If the placenta is damaged, there is a risk of gestational diabetes. Remember the symptoms of high blood sugar, when looking for signs of gestational diabetes in pregnancy – fatigue, thirst, increased urination. Symptoms of low blood sugar during pregnancy include dizziness, confusion, sudden hunger, weakness, headaches and sweating.


Dealing with the Signs of Diabetes in Pregnancy – Prevention and Treatment


It is recommended that pregnant women concerned about the signs of gestational diabetes in pregnancy (or who have been diagnosed with the condition) monitor their blood sugar four times a day, before breakfast and two hours after each meal. They should monitor their urine for ketones, which indicates blood sugar imbalance, and regularly exercise (after consulting with their doctor). Above all, they need to maintain a healthy, balanced diet throughout the day. Blood pressure and weight gain should be monitored, and if necessary, insulin injections can be used throughout the pregnancy. As for proper diet, smaller and more frequent meals are best to maintain proper blood sugar levels. Eat fiber-rich food such as fruits, vegetables and whole-grain bread, and the correct amounts of protein and carbohydrates. The food should provide necessary vitamins, minerals, and healthy omega oils. Consider a prenatal supplement, if necessary. Cut down on unhealthy fats, sugars, and salt, and drink at least 8 cups of liquids, preferably water. A healthy diet and lifestyle is good advice for all pregnant women, whether they are concerned about the signs of gestational diabetes in pregnancy or not. And in fact, it’s good advice for everyone!