By far, there is more than one complication of diabetes mellitus. It also takes a lot for a person with diabetes to avoid these complications. Diet and exercise are probably the most crucial elements in trying to avoid a complication of diabetes. Care of one’s feet is also a trivial aspect of avoiding a diabetes complication from occurring. Some major complications which can occur are:

Eye complications – This is a major complication in diabetes. People with diabetes have a higher risk of blindness than other people, although most diabetics only have minor eye disorders. Some major conditions that can develop are glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy. Regular checkups and eye exams are important in this complication of diabetes.

Foot complications – This is another major complication of diabetes mellitus. Most of the time foot problems in diabetes are caused by nerve damage (neuropathy) which causes numbness in the diabetic’s feet. With this loss of feeling the person has trouble realizing when they have hurt their foot, and infection can occur. Whether numbness is present or not, it is important for a person with diabetes to examine their foot daily. Keeping good foot hygiene is also important in avoiding any diabetes mellitus complication.

Skin complications – There are many skin complications which can occur in diabetes. Most are fairly common, it is just that people with diabetes get them more easily and it takes them longer to heal.

Heart Disease – People with diabetes are prone to heart disease. Keeping your blood pressure and cholesterol in check is vital. This can usually be accomplished with healthy diet and exercise routines. Going to your doctor regularly for testing is the key to dodging this complication of diabetes.

High Blood Pressure – According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), 2 out of 3 adults with diabetes have high blood pressure. Diet and exercise are important here as well. High blood pressure can lead to other complications as well such as heart attack, stroke, eye problems, and kidney disease.

Oral Health Problems – Studies have shown there to be a prevalence of gum disease among diabetics. This is because they are more susceptible to infection. The problem runs the other way too because gum disease may also have affects on your blood glucose levels as well, leading to worse diabetic problems.


Chronic Complication of Diabetes Mellitus


There are many chronic complications in diabetes. One chronic complication is diabetic retinopathy, which can easily lead to permanent blindness. Diabetic nephropathy is diabetes related kidney disease. In diabetes protein leaks into urine, which sometimes causes the kidney’s to be unable to filter blood. People may later lose their kidneys because of this. Diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage, is another chronic condition which is caused because blood flow to the nerves is limited. This may also lead to undetected sores, which lead to infection and finally amputation.


Acute Complication of Diabetes Mellitus


The two major acute complications of diabetes is of course elevated sugar levels and low sugar levels, but that is not all. Diabetic ketoacidosis is another acute complication. It occurs when ketone levels are too high, which causes the blood to be acidic. This often results in abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. It can also cause a person to go into shock, have a coma, or even die.


What are the Complication of Diabetes Treatments?


Your diabetic treatments are going to be dependant on what complications you may have. Eating right, staying active, and going to the doctor regularly are the best ways to keep complications of diabetes in check. Learning along with detection and monitoring are the next solutions. If you think that a complication may soon arise, try to get with your doctor before it does and discuss the various treatment options that are available. Catching a complication early is vital in keeping your health in diabetes.


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