When blood glucose levels are not properly controlled, this helps bacteria in the mouth to thrive. This contributes to oral complications of diabetes and mouth sores. Gum disease, for example, is a common problem in diabetics. This is mostly because diabetes reduces your resistance to infection. This delay in the healing process contributes to diabetes mouth sores, such as abscesses. In diabetes, regular check-ups, examinations, and cleanings are very important.

Diabetics are also at risk of a condition called thrush. Thrush is caused by a fungus that grows in the mouth. It is worse in diabetics because it thrives on the high glucose levels in saliva. Smoking, antibiotics, and wearing dentures contribute to this type of infection. This type of condition is treatable with medication.

Dry mouth, which is common in diabetics, is a major contributor to mouth sores in diabetes. Dry mouth can lead to soreness, ulcers, infections, and tooth decay. This is because saliva is the mouth’s natural protective fluid. It keeps the growth of germs and other oral infection at bay. It also naturally washes away sticky food which creates plaque. Keeping blood sugar levels on target and drinking plenty of water will help you to not be dehydrated as much.


Complications of Diabetes and Mouth Sores


Some of the complications of diabetes contribute to mouth sores. For example, blood vessels often thicken as a result of diabetes. This in turn slows the flow of nutrients and the removal of harmful wastes, which can weaken the resistance of the gums. Therefore, mouth sores and gum disease may result.

One oral complication to be aware of is lichen planus. Lichen planus is a skin disorder which creates lesions in the mouth. These diabetes mouth sores are small and pimple-like, which are described to form a white lacy-like pattern. Another, more painful, type involves ulcers which erode on the surface of oral tissue.

No matter what types of infections or mouth sores form, they will take a long time to heal, leaving you vulnerable to further infection. In addition, the more oral problems you have now, the more likely it is that you will have greater oral complications in the future. This is why it is so important to keep your blood sugar levels steady, keep good oral hygiene at home, drink plenty of water, and see your dentist regularly.