There is a definite connection between diabetes and hyperglycemia. In fact, hyperglycemia can be one of the warning signs that somebody has diabetes mellitus. Hyperglycemia means high blood sugar. Blood sugar levels can be measured fasting and after eating.

According to the American Diabetes Association, when fasting blood sugar levels are over 100 it is considered hyperglycemia. After eating, hyperglycemia may be diagnosed if blood sugar levels are over 150. Hyperglycemia can be a symptom of diabetes. It can also be an indication that diabetes is not being controlled well. Hyperglycemia without diabetes is possible. However, the body typically does an excellent job of keeping blood sugar within normal levels. Thus, hyperglycemia is usually a symptom of something else, such as stress, diabetes or kidney problems.

Diabetes mellitus is a condition that occurs when the body is unable to produce or utilize the insulin hormone properly. The pancreas is the organ that produces the insulin hormone. It is then used to help the fat and muscle cells in the body absorb and metabolize blood sugar properly.

Diabetes vs. hyperglycemia is a call that your physician needs to make. If you have been experiencing hyperglycemia symptoms, consult your doctor to schedule a diabetes screening.


Diabetes Hyperglycemia Symptoms


The symptoms of hyperglycemia and diabetes can be identical. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms for more than one week, contact your physician for medical advice. According to the International Diabetes Association, the symptoms of diabetes and hyperglycemia can include:

  • Excessive/unexplainable thirst and/or hunger
  • Frequent/excessive urination
  • Increased/unexplainable sleepiness
  • Profuse/unexplainable sweating
  • Pungent/fruity smelling urine/breath/sweat


Diabetes Mellitus and Hyperglycemia Treatment


There are several treatment options for diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia. There are medical treatments, as well as natural treatments. Treatment for both conditions usually includes eating a healthy diet that is low in sugar. It is also best to avoid processed foods and fast foods. If you suffer from diabetes or hyperglycemia, you should try to consume less than 25 grams of sugar per day.

Exercise can also be helpful in the treatment of diabetes and hyperglycemia. Exercise helps increase metabolism and utilize blood sugar. This can help control blood sugar levels.

People with type I diabetes will also require regular insulin injections. In some cases, people with type II diabetes also require insulin injections. Oral medications may also be necessary to help the cells of the body absorb insulin properly. Your doctor will help you develop the proper treatment plan for your diabetes or hyperglycemia.